new week 12  (posted 13 Nov 2012)

It is not so very important for a person to learn facts. For that he does not really need a college. He can learn them from books. The value of an education in a liberal arts college is not the learning of many facts but the training of the mind to think something that cannot be learned from textbooks.

(Albert Einstein, 1921, in response to Thomas Edison’s opinion that a college education is useless)

Without education we are in a horrible and deadly danger of taking educated people seriously.

(G. K. Chesterton)

In much wisdom is much vexation, and those who increase knowledge increase in sorrow.

(Ecclesiastes 1.18)


Health is merely the slowest possible rate at which one can die.



Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire.

(William Butler Yeats)


You must unlearn what you have learned.

(Yoda [Star Wars V: Empire Strikes Back])


The unexamined life is not worth living.

(Socrates [Plato, Apology, 38a])


(Ἓν οἶδα ὅτι οὐδὲν οἶδα.)


Exegesis Guidelines
Na home

Westminster College

Westminster homepage

 REL 106: Old Testament / Hebrew Bible

Fall Semester • 2012 



Welcome to Religion 106: Old Testament / Hebrew Bible (or Everything You Always Wanted To Know About the Old Testament But Were Too Afraid Or Busy To Ask)! As the course title indicates, our main objective is to provide a general introduction to understanding the Old Testament / Hebrew Bible. More specifically, our aim will be:


to clarify what the Old Testament/Hebrew Bible is and to consider its significance for the history of western civilization and for us
to become familiar with the contents of the OT/HB and to discern major themes and issues
to read carefully and critically passages from a variety of OT/HB books, as well as from extra-canonical sources
to explore the meaning of these passages in their historical contexts (e.g., cultural, geographical, literary, political contexts) as well as in relation to contemporary thought
to become familiar with the methodological issues involved in biblical interpretation
to cultivate a reading of biblical texts that is both critical and creative by developing exegetical skills using modern methods of interpretation, especially the historical-critical method


Achieving these goals will not be easy; the course will require hard work on your part, which will bring you challenging, enlightening, exciting, frustrating, and rewarding experiences.


Accessibility Statement:

Westminster College actively strives for the full inclusion of all our students. Students with disabilities who require access solutions for environmental or curricular barriers should contact Faith Craig, Director of Disability Resources: 209 Thompson-Clark Hall; 724-946-7192;


This course is designed so that anyone, religious or not, who does the required work can attain the goals mentioned above. This course is not designed to persuade you to a particular faith or religious point of view. Nor is it intended to build up or disparage existing faith, although your diligent efforts can lead to a deeper appreciation of it. Students who consider themselves to be followers of any religion, or no religion at all, are all welcome on this semester journey to become better acquainted with the Old Testament Bible, to learn to appreciate it better, and to become informed and responsible interpreters of it.

 Requirements and evaluation for the course


For my criteria for evaluation of assignments go to Evaluation and read the information carefully.

NB: If you have any questions regarding the evaluation of your work, please ask in class or make an appointment to see me.



Assigned readings should be completed before the class for which they are assigned—use your best judgment to divide the readings evenly for each week. Keeping notes on the readings is highly recommended. Occasionally I may assign additional readings, but these will ordinarily be short. You must come to class with at least 2 written questions or comments you have about the readings (see Participation). The primary focus throughout the course will be on the biblical texts and on cultivating the ability to ask informed questions about them based on the knowledge you gain along the way.

NB: Not all the assigned readings may be covered in class discussions or exams, but they are required for your edification. The more you refer to them in class and in your work, the more impressive your mastery of the readings will be.

Map paper

You will draw a map of the United Monarchy at the height of David’s (and Solomon's) reign and write a paper on David's conquest.

You must draw (or trace) the map by hand (on a letter-size paper). How colorful or artistic the map is will not affect the grade.
The map must show important boundaries, territories, and cities of the United Monarchy.
Write a 2–3 page paper explaining the reasons for David’s conquest of the territories that made up his empire.

NB: Provide more than theological reasons (e.g., “because God told David to do so”). Avoid summaries or paraphrases of biblical narratives. Tip: consider what advantages David's conquests brought for his kingdom.
Follow all the instructions given on my Evaluation page under Written assignments. Use footnotes to document your sources following the Chicago Manual of Style (or Turabian). Learn the automatic footnote function of your word processor.
The Oxford Bible Atlas and the maps at the end of NOAB (see Required books below) are good places to start. You may find NOAB 2239–41 also helpful, as well as 452 and
As soon as you submit your paper, make an appointment to review your graded paper with me.



You will submit an exegesis paper at on one of the biblical passages indicated on the syllabus. This must be on time. If not, you must write another paper. See the Project/text column below for passages and due dates (the paper is due on the day the text is assigned). For ideas, look at some critical commentaries and academic journals, i.e., scholarly books and articles with lots of (foot)notes. If you need some tips for doing exegesis, see the Exegesis guidelines page. You may find the Tips for writing papers helpful.

The paper should be 3–4 pages long.
Include at least a historical-critical understanding of the text(s) and present possible meanings in it (them).
If possible, include an analysis of the structure of the text(s).

The paper should represent original work (i.e., your own thoughts), not a mere digest of other people’s opinions. Your own reading and re-reading of the relevant texts, as well as review of other materials, are fundamental to the task. I want to know what you discover in your engagement with the biblical text, whether or not you agree with the course books, commentaries, or opinions presented in class, including mine.


NB: Focus on honing your ability to argue for your opinions and conclusions by supporting them with evidence from texts (especially primary texts) and other relevant sources.


Use footnotes to document your sources following the Chicago Manual of Style (or Turabian). Learn the automatic footnote function of your word processor.

Follow all the instructions given on my Evaluation page under Written assignments.

NB: You may be given the chance to revise your paper after the initial evaluation. Should you choose to do so, your revision will be evaluated and the final grade will be the average of the two.


Throughout the semester, you will be responsible for learning significant terms covered in our texts or in class (see the “terms” file on the R-drive). You will be responsible for the definitions and, when appropriate, significant biblical passages related to the terms. Use (1) the course texts, e.g., glossary, index, (2) the resources listed in Resources to consider below, or (3) any other appropriate sources of information. The terms may constitute a part of any quiz or exam.




There will be a midterm exam (ca. 40 minutes) and a final exam covering all the materials in the course, including the reading assignments and terms we will have covered by the time of the exam. There may be pop quizzes, the results of which will affect the evaluation of your participation. See my Evaluation page under Quizzes and examinations.

In lieu of the final exam, you may take a 30-minute oral exam. You must inform me by November 15 to discuss this option.


Grades will be assigned as fairly as possible. See my Evaluation page under Grades for more information. The final grade for the course will consist of the following:


exegesis paper


NB: participation is a significant part of this course.

See my Evaluation page under Participation

for more information and instructions.

final examination


map paper


midterm exam


participation (including pop quizzes)



NB: If you have any questions about how you are doing in the course, please make an appointment to see me.

Extra credit

You may earn extra credit any time during the semester.

Submit a 2–3 page reflection paper relating something from popular culture (e.g., movie, play, TV show, book, any performance) to a particular OT text or theme, or character (consult the instructor). The paper should be mostly critique and not merely a plot summary.

Do other extra credit assignments described in the file on the R-drive.

NB: The instructor reserves the right to make the final determination concerning any extra credit. You can earn a maximum of 5% toward the final grade. You may write more than one, if you wish, but you won't receive more than 5% total in extra credit.

 Required books

The New Oxford Annotated Bible with the Apocrypha (NRSV), 3rd ed. You may use another Bible, if you wish, but the New Oxford Annotated Bible (NOAB) will be the common text for class assignments and discussions. In all cases, you are encouraged to use other English translations (e.g., NIV) and Bibles in other languages in addition to the NRSV. The Tanakh is especially recommended for comparison of Old Testament passages.

Coogan, Michael D. The Old Testament. New York: Oxford University Press, 2011. See also Coogan online resources (e.g., quizzes).

 Recommended books (* = highly recommended)


Tanakh. Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society, 1985 (5748).

* Achtemeier, Paul. Inspiration and Authority: Nature and Function of Christian Scripture. Peabody: Hendrickson Publishers, 1999.
  Anderson, Bernhard W. Understanding the Old Testament. Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 1998.
* Brown, Raymond E. Biblical Exegesis and Church Doctrine. Wipf & Stock, 2002.
* _______. Responses to 101 Questions on the Bible. New York: Paulist Press,1990.
* Meyer, Paul. The Word in This World. Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 2004.
* Pritchard, James, B., ed. The Ancient Near East, vol. I: An Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1958.
* _______. The Ancient Near East, vol. II: A New Anthology of Texts and Pictures. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1975.

White, Heath. Postmodernism 101: A First Course for the Curious Christian. Grand Rapids: Brazos Press, 2006.


Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. New York: Macmillan Publishing, 1979. (See my Resources page under Miscellaneous for the first edition of Strunk.)

 Resources to consider


See my Resources page for McGill, AV, & Web resources, esp.

  R-drive: course folder and the "Religion" folder
  Bible concordances (McGill library)

Ferguson, Duncan S. Bible Basics. Louisville: Westminster/John Knox Press, 1995.


Turner, Nicholas. The Handbook for Biblical Studies. Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1982.

 Keeping informed and in touch

During the semester check your e-mail regularly for messages regarding course matters (e.g., changes in the syllabus). Visit and reload this page for updates to the syllabus; see also my homepage for other information and resources related to the course. Please feel free to make an appointment any time about any course matters.

 Tips from former students

For some practical advice from former students, see the tips page.

 One last word …

Regardless of how demanding all of this is, I promise to be as fair as possible. I recognize that you will be very busy this semester pursuing various obligations and passions. I understand. I have my passions too, e.g., my family, music, philosophy, nature, mountain biking, fixing things, food. But I’m also very passionate about education, both yours and mine—I mean not just the business of acquiring knowledge but more importantly the total development of honorable human beings. I do not require you to share my excitement about all the things we will cover, but I do expect you to complete the requirements for the course. To help you do that as well as you can, I will make myself available outside the class time and the office hours. I will be glad to help you when you are struggling with an assignment. Or if you have any questions, concerns, complaints, and even compliments, I will do my best to take the time to listen and offer my response. Keep in mind that I am here to help you learn. So, again, welcome to Religion 106: Old Testament/Hebrew Bible.

 C o u r s e   S c h e d u l e            REL 106

MWF 09201020          PH 105 


Assigned readings

= required

> = recommended

+ = read in the library (do not check out)


Project / texts

bold = primary text(s) for class discussion

red bold= dates to remember

highlight = R-drive file


Class / topics

Week 1


Aug 29 W

Aug 31

Sep 3

Course syllabus (including Evaluation link)

Gen 6.11–22; 7.1–5

Coogan: xxiii–xxv; chs. 1–2

Yoram Hazony: "The God of Independent Minds" (WSJ, 24 Aug. 2012)

Fisher: Effective Learning

+Brooks & Collins: "Introduction" to Hebrew Bible or Old Testament?

>NOAB: 453–66 ES; 543–73 Index
>New evidence of flood?
>+Brown, Responses, Q1–4: Translations of the Bible

>Bible Contradiction & Responses

Keep copies of all relevant Web pages.

Memorize the books of the Protestant canon in order (learn correct spelling).

Translation comparisonnew

Gen 1–2 (esp. 2.4–25)

>Coogan online resources (e.g., quizzes)

>Bible in 50 words

>Optical Illusions



>Perception quiz

>Do you know how to think? (a self-exam)

Bible Hunt

Optical conditioning (alt)

Context & perspective

General orientation

World-view (link)

What is the Bible?

(How) can or should Christians read the Jewish scriptures?

1. What is the Old Testament?

2. The Promised Land: Geography, History, and Importance

Week 2


Sep 5 W

Sep 7

Sep 10

Coogan: chs. 1–2; 3–4

Gen 1–11

>+Brown, Responses, Q5–10: Genuine and apocryphal books of the Bible

>+Brown, Responses, Q11–14: How to read the Bible

>God's name


>Blogging the Bible (an interesting viewpoint that might resonate with your life)

Gen 1.1–2.4a; Gen 2.4b–3.24 (cf. Enuma Elish; also cf. Job 26.8–14; 38; Ps 8; 136; 148; 74.13–17; 89.5–10; Prov 8.22–31; Isa 27.1; 51.9–10): ethical & scientific relevance?

Gen 1.26–27: Is God alone? (cf. Ps 82; Ex 15.11; 1 Kgs 22.19–23; Dt 32.8–9)

Gen 11.1–9

Review the books of the Protestant canon in order (learn correct spelling).

Reminder: bring your Qs & Cs to each class (see Participation)

>Translation comparisonnew

>Transmission errors

3. Creations.

Genesis 1–3

4. The Formation of the Pentateuch

Creation myth: ethical & scientific relevance?

stories and histories


Week 3


Sep 12 W

Sep 14

Sep 17

Coogan: chs. 5–6

Gen 9.1–17

Gen 1218.15

Gen 25.19–34

Gen 26.1–11

Gen 29–30

+Pritchard: vol.1: 12–16, 31–39 & vol.2: 1–5; vol.1: 40, 65–75 (also “read” the pictures)

>+Brown, Responses, Q15–17: Church guidance; Q18–22: Why read the Bible

>Redaction & hermeneutics (funny, interesting & instructive)

Gen 22.1–19: sons & sacrifices (cf. Judg 11.29–40)
Gen 37: E&J confusion?
Gen 38: Judah & Tamar (v. Dt 25.5–10)

Gen 45; 50: Where is God?

Review the books of the Protestant canon in order (learn correct spelling).

Translation comparisonnew

5. Primeval History.

Genesis 4–11

6. The Ancestors of Israel.

Genesis 12–50

Genesis: YHWH's providence
-God's absent presence

-Soap opera or Jerry Springer Show?
-History of the universe & story of a family
-Abraham's story: the many and the one
-They call me Ishmael

Week 4


Sep 19 W

Sep 21

Sep 24

Coogan: ch. 7–9

Ex 1–2

Ex 15.1–18
Ex 19–24; 32–34
+Pritchard: vol.1: 85–86; 138–67; vol.2: 42–53 (skim prudently; check for OT parallels)

Ps 78, 105, 106, 135, 136

>+Brown, Responses, Q23–27: Is the Bible literally true; Q28–30: Biblical criticism

Ex 3; 6: What's your name?

Ex 20.1–17 (cf. Dt 5.6–21): ten (?) words of YHWH
Ex 23.1–3: justice for all


>Greek NT: 1st page



>Interpreting Ancient Manuscripts (very helpful)

>Transmission errors

7. Escape from Egypt.

Exodus 1–5

8. From Egypt to Sinai.

Exodus 16–24

9. Law and Ritual Exodus.

20.22–23.33 and 25–40

Week 5


Sep 26 W

Sep 28

Oct 1

Coogan: chs. 10–11
Lev 11.44
Num 11–14; 22; 32

+Pritchard: vol.1: 231new

>+Brown, Responses, Q31–33: Biblical fundamentalism; pp. 137–42; Q34–37: How literally true is the NT

Lev 19 (esp. 19.13–15, 18, 33–34): egalitarian ethos (cf. Ex 23.1–3)

Num 12: Moses—he's my man
Num 22: the talking donkey

10. Ritual and Holiness.

11. In the Wilderness.

Oct 1: no class

Week 6


Oct 3 W

Oct 5

Oct 8

Coogan: chs.12–13
Dt 5–12
Josh 1–12; 24

>+Brown, Responses, Q38–44: The Gospels; Q45–51 Jesus' words and deeds

Dt 6.4–9: Israel's creed
Dt 12.1–32: Centralization of YHWH cult (Where is this place that YHWH will choose?)
Dt 17.14–20 (cf. 1Kgs 11.1–13): No one's above the law

Josh 2, 6: conquest (?) of Canaan
Josh 24: birth of the Tribal Confederacy

12. The End of the Journey to the Promised Land.


13. Joshua and the Conquest of the Land of Canaan.


Week 7


Oct 10 W

Oct 12

Oct 15

Course syllabus (including Evaluation link; review requirements, expectations & criteria for grading—ask Qs, if any)

Coogan: chs.13–14

Josh 1–12; 24

Judg (esp. 2.6–16.31)

>+Brown, Responses, Q52–53: Jesus' resurrection; Q54–60: Jesus' birth

Josh 2, 6: conquest (?) of Canaan
Josh 24: birth of the Tribal Confederacy

Judg 2.6–3.6: Dtr's theory of history
Judg 8.22–23: theocracy & monarchy

>Redaction & hermeneutics (funny, interesting & instructive)

14. The Emergence of Israel in the Land of Canaan.
Judges and Ruth

Week 8


Oct 17 W

Oct 19

Oct 22

Course syllabus (including Evaluation link; review requirements, expectations & criteria for grading—ask Qs, if you have any)

Coogan: chs. 15–17

1Sam (skim)
2Sam (skim)
Ps 132; 2.5–9


>1Chr 10–2Chr 9 (skim)

>+Brown, Responses, Q61–68: Mary (esp. of interest to Roman Catholics); Q69–76: Jesus' knowledge

Oct 17: Last day for the map paper (
1Sam 7.3–8.22; 10.17–27; 12 (cf. Judg 8.22–23): Samuel Tradition (theocratic); cf. Hos 8.4; 9.15; 10.3, 9)
1Sam 9.1–10.16; 11: Saul Tradition (monarchic)

2Sam 6.6–11: portrait of YHWH?

2Sam 7:(cf. Ps 132): deal with David
2Sam 11.1–12.23 (cf. 1Kgs 15.4–5): monarchic & theocratic issues?

1Kgs 11.1–13 (cf. Dt 17.14–20): Who or what's to blame?

Oct 17: Midterm exam

15. The Establishment of the Monarchy.

1 Samuel

16. The Reign of David.

2 Samuel, 1 Kings 1–2, and Psalm 132

17. The Reign of Solomon.

1 Kings 1–11 and Psalm 89

Oct 19, 22: no class (review course materials; work on exegesis paper)new

Week 9


Oct 24 W

Oct 26

Oct 27–29 (break)

Oct 30 T

Coogan: chs. 18–19


Dt 12.1–32: centralization of YHWH cult

1Kgs 22.1–28
1 Sam 10.5–13; 16.13–23; 19.18–24
1Sam 18.10
2Kgs 9.11
Ezek 14.1–11


Prayer of Manasseh (cf. Ps 51)

>+Brown, Responses, Q77–78: Foundation of the church; Q79–85: The sacraments

1Kgs 12 (cf. 2Kgs 17.20–23): apostasy or restoration?

1Kgs 18–19: prophet on the run

2Kgs 21–23 & 2Chr 33–35: last hope for Judah? Will the real Menasseh stand up?

1 Sam 10.5–13; 16.13–23; 19.18–24: ecstasy?
1Kgs 22.1–28: Can prophets lie? (cf. 1Sam 16.14; Ezek 14.1–11; Am 7.10–17)

Am 9.7: What?!?
Hos 11: YHWH's will & grac

Oct 24: no class (review course materials; work on exegesis paper)new

18. The Divided Kingdoms of Israel and Judah From the Late Tenth to the Early Eighth

19. The Northern Kingdom of Israel in the Eighth Century BCE.
2 Kings 14–17, Amos, and Hosea

Week 10


Oct 31 W

Nov 2

Nov 5

Coogan: chs. 20–21

Isa 1–11; 28–32
Mic 1–3; 6.1–8

Zeph 1–3

2Kgs 17–18 (Israel's fall)

>+Brown, Responses, Q86–88: Early Christians and the Jews; Q89–92: Early Church administration

Isa 6.1–9.7: Isaiah's call & Immanuel
Isa 7–8 (esp. 7.10–17)

Please Vote on Nov 8

20. The Kingdom of Judah in the Eighth and Early Seventh Centuries BCE.
2 Kings 15–20, 2 Chronicles 29–32, Isaiah 1–39, and Micah

21. Judah in the Seventh Century BCE:
The End of Assyrian Domination. 2 Kings 21–23, 2 Chronicles 33–35, Zephaniah, Nahum, and the Prayer of Manasseh
Nov 8 R

Movie night with the Nas 7:46 PM-ish

Feel free to bring DVDs or VHSs of movies you think your classmates should see.

for directions click here

Week 11


Nov 7 W

Nov 9

Nov 12

Course syllabus (including Evaluation link; review requirements, expectations & criteria for grading—ask Qs, if any)

Coogan: chs. 22–24
Jer 1.1–4.4
Jer 4–45
Hab 1–2

Ezek 1–24; 33–39
Isa 40–56
Ps 47; 93; 96–99

>+Brown, Responses, Q93–96: Who celebrated the eucharist; Q97–100: Peter and the popes

Look "Jeremiad" up in a dictionary and see how the definition makes biblical sense
Jer 31.31–34: new covenant

Jer 20.7–13 (prophetic lament): prophecy & blasphemy; cf. Job 19.1–7 & Hab 1.2–4, 9; 2.8, 17

Ezek 18 (cf. Jer 31.28–30): individual accountability
Ezek 36.26–28 (cf. Jer 31.31-34)
Ezek 37.1–14: bone-dry

Isa 40, 45, 49
Isa 53: the suffering servant

22. The Fall of Jerusalem.
2 Kings 23.31–25.30, 2 Chronicles 36, Habakkuk, Jeremiah, and the Letter of Jeremiah

23. After the Fall: Jews in Judah and Babylon.
Lamentations, Psalm 137, Obadiah, and Ezekiel

24. Return From Exile.
Ezra 1–2 and Isaiah 34–35 and 40–55

Week 12


Nov 14 W

Nov 16

Nov 19


Nov 2125 (break)

Coogan: chs. 25–27

Gen 1.1–3.24

Job 26.8–14; 38

Ps 8; 136; 148; 74.13–17; 89.5–10

Prov 8.22–31

Isa 27.1; 51.9–10

+Pritchard: vol.1: 12–16, 31–39 & vol.2: 1–5; vol.1: 40, 65–75 (also “read” the pictures)

Isa 56–66
Zech 1–8

Neh (esp. 9.6–38)
1 & 2 Chr (skim)
1Chr 1–9 (skim)
2Chr 36.22–23
Neh 9.6–38

>+Brown, Responses, Q101: How much has the church changed; 137–42 (esp. of interest to Roman Catholics)
Gen 1.1–2.3 (cf. Enuma Elish; also cf. Job 26.8–14; Ps 74.13-17; 89.5–10; Isa 27.1; 51.9–10)
Ezra 10: Who's in?
Ruth: A foreigner?

Ps 19: singing in the rain
Ps 44: challenge to DT
Ps 51: YHWH's mercy
Ps 89: royal theology (cf 2Sam 7)

2Chr 36.22–23: the end?
-Lament: 3, 7, 10, 13, 22, 25, 27.7–14, 31, 38, 42–44, 51, 77, 88–90, 130, 137, 139, 143
-Thanksgiving: 34, 92, 107, 116, 118, 124, 138 (cf. Jon 2)
-Praise: 8, 19.1–6, 29, 33, 46, 93, 95–100, 103–4, 135–36, 145–150
-Assorted genres: 1, 2, 23, 47, 105, 106, 110, 121
NOAB: 721–25 HB

Nov 16, 19: no class (review course materials; work on exegesis paper)new

25. The Early Restoration.
Ezra 3–6, 1 Esdras, Haggai, Zechariah 1–8, and Isaiah 56–66

26. Judah in the Fifth Century BCE.
Ezra 7–10, Nehemiah, Isaiah 24–27, Zechariah 9–14, Joel, Malachi, and 2 Esdras

27. Traditions Rewritten and Consolidated.
1–2 Chronicles, Psalms, and Proverbs

Week 13


Nov 26 M

Nov 28

Nov 30

Coogan: chs. 28–30

Job (omit 32–37)
+Pritchard, vol.1: 234–52 (also “read” the pictures)
Ps 1; 32; 34; 37; 49; 112; 128






Esther (skim)

1Macc (skim prudently)
Isa 24–27
Zech 9–14


+Pritchard, vol.1: 85–86

Job 1–2; 42.7–17: What went wrong?
Job 7.11–21 (cf. Ps 39): "God, leave me alone!"
Job 9.14–24; 19; 23.1–7 (cf. 1–2; 32.1–5)

Eccl 1

Eccl 12.9–14: huh?

Prov 1–9
Dan 7: weird dreams
Jon: prophet on the run (cf. Amos 9.7–8)
Zech 9.9 & Mt 21.1–7
1Macc 1–3: dying for the faith

Tobit: spiritual entertainment

>See the movie "Fallen" (cf Tobit)

28. Dissidents and Lovers.
Job, Ecclesiastes, and the Song of Solomon

29. Encounters With the Greeks.
1–2 Maccabees, Baruch, Sirach, The Wisdom of Solomon, and 4 Maccabees

30. Heroes Under Foreign Rulers.
Jonah, Esther, Additions to Esther, Judith, Tobit, 3 Maccabees, Daniel, and Additions to Daniel

Week 14


Dec 3 M

Dec 5

Dec 7

St. Nicholaus

Gabler: "On the Proper Distinction between Biblical and Dogmatic Theology and the Specific Objectives of Each" (Scottish Journal of Theology 33 [1980]: 133–58)

Meyer: "Faith and History Revisited" (Princeton Seminary Bulletin 10

+Brown, Responses: Q1–10, 19–27

>O Little Town of Nazareth?

>Xmas Carol Quiz

>Xmas Quiz

Dec 7: Last day for extra credit papers (

Gabler & Meyer: bring your Qs & Cs (esp. on the distinction between biblical theology & dogmatic theology)

Biblical theology & dogmatic theology (Gabler)

Final week

Dec 11 T

F  i  n  a  l     e  x  a  m: 8:00–10:30 (regular classroom)

Merry Christmas & Happy New Year!

Exegesis Guidelines
Na home